My name is Gorazd Žagar and am a computer engineer, age 29. Less and less of my spare time is dedicated to activities connected to Middle Ages (gothic period, to be exact). I am also a member of a mediaeval society »Celjani« and a European mediaeval fight school Schola pugnatoria Celeiana led by mr. Igor Sancin. With the society »Celjani« I participate at mediaeval gatherings in Slovenia and abroad, events also known as living history.
1. At the presentation of the book "SVET VITEŠTVA", where I "stole" 5 minutes of mr. Stopar's valuable time.
2. Matej (Celjani), David Cvet (AEMMA) in myself, lectures at the national museum, Ljubljana.
3. Matic, Gregor, mr. Cvet and myself. Workshop Fiore, 2007.
4. MYself, Matic, Renee, Volk, Eleonora, Irena in Gregor, castle Podsreda, Sept. 2009.
Mediaeval late-Gothic suit of armour (approx. 1460)
Without any knowledge or experience I began making a fully functional lategothic suit of armour
in early 2004 (photos left). The complete suit of armour still lacks the sabatons and a helmet which
I might still make some time later.
Mediaeval Gothic suit of armour (1st half of the 15th Century)
My second project, german mediaeval suit of amour from 1st half of the 15th Century.
The breast plate constists of
two parts (a system of floating rivets and leather strips makes them movable) which provides
The photo on the left: Planet TUŠ, Celje, okt. 2005, foto: Irena G.
The photo on the right: exhibition at the Planet TUŠ, Celje, oct. 2005.
Mediaeval Gothic suit of armour (after 1450)
Project had started out solely as a gauntlet production for keeping my fingers intact at the practice of
mediaeval swordfighting but later turned out to evolve into the production of a full suit of armour.
I've used 2mm metal plate on some pieces to make them stronger so armour could withstand stronger blows
at practice. Armour was put in serious use several times at practice and can be admired in this book Mojstra Sigmunda Ringecka razlaga verzov mojstra Johannesa Lichtenawerja by mr. Igorja Sancina.
Slika desno: practice at Old castle Celje, 2009
Mediaeval suit of armour Talhoffer (2nd half of the 15th Century)
Although predicted for the year 2006, is this project postponed for an undetermined period. In search
for more experiences with medieval armour replicas creation, I plan to deal with more smaller
projects which might in overall present a new complete suit of armour.
The creation of a replica of a suit of armour depicted in manuscript Alte Armatur und Ringkunst by
fechtmaster Hans Talhoffer is therefore in my waiting list for year 2007 or later.
The peak of the late-Gothic period (approx. 1480)
A well-known example of an late-Gothic suit of armour is the one made by a
famous master Lorenzo Helmschmied. A project like that requires a lot of time,
efford and foremost- experience. However, it is still my desire to create a replica
of precisely that suit of armour (once I gather enough experience).
The original suit is in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna. Duke Siegmund of
Tyrol married Katherina of Saxony in 1484. Also called Sigmund or Sigismund,
he received this suit of armour made by Lorenz Helmschmid of Augsburg as an
Imperial gift for the occasion. Helmschmid was the preferred armourer of the
Emperors Frederick III and Maximilian I. This armour represents the pinnacle
of the armourers' art, and is typical of the late German Gothic style with its
fluted surfaces and graceful lines.
Gauntlets, based on different authentic designs of mediaeval gauntlets.
Rest of the stuff
Ocassionaly I make leather artifacts such as scabbards, bags and such. On the right one
can see a Gothic leather bag. My other projects include chainmail artifacts (byrnies, coifs and
Some photos from my workshops
I like to sleep in the rest of my spare time ;-)
About the site
As being very interested in castles, I decided to create this web site, especially as I have
not come across similar sites on the Web so far. In future, the main difference between this
site and the others available on the Web will be the immense quantity of photographs from sites.
Even humble ruins will be entered among other sites. At every entered site I list not only
basic information, but also turist info, useful links and information on possible mediaeval
ževents on site or in its vicinity, as well as information about organisers.
The web site gradovi.net was launched on 28th June 2004, the contents were programmed in php
script, for processing HTML Notepad word processor has been used. The database run on
Translation into English by Aleš Hotko
Translation into German by Blanka Prezelj
Photos of the sites
All the photos of the sites and their surroundings are taken by the author, with exeption of
scanned images, where due authors are named. The photo material is not copyright, however,
the author expresses his desire to be acknowledged if the material is published or used
The author uses a digital camera Sony DSC (Minolta DiMAGE S304 in the past). The original sized photographs
at 5M px and newer 7M px can be obtained upon request (suitable for print).
The main source of literature are the works of Dr. Ivan Stopar, Art-historian, and
now also a book "Vitez in grad" (A Knight and a Castle) by Dr. Dušan Kos. At every
entered site all sources are acknowledged. Usually, I use only the basic information,
therefore I suggest the listed literature to be used for more in-depth analysis.
Visitors are welcome to send me comments, corrections and other data (eg. legends)
regarding reviewed sites.